There are around 12 core files. Here is Overview of the main files you will be working with:

• Header.php — Contains everything you’d want to appear at the top of your site.
• Index.php — The core file that load your theme, also act as the homepage.
• Functions.php — A file that can be used to configure the wordpress core,
Without editing core files.
• Sidebar.php — Contains everything you’d want to appear in sidebar.
• Footer.php — Contains everything you’d want to appear at the bottom of your site.
• Archive.php — The template file used when viewing categories, dates, posts by author,etc.
• Single.php — The template file used when viewing the individual post.
• Comments.php — Called at the bottom of single.php file to enable the comments section.
• Page.php — Similar to single.php
• Search.php — The template file used to search display search results.
• 404.php — The template file that display when a 404 error occurs.
• Style.css — All the styling goes here.

Each of these files contains series of php template tag. By using these tags we can insert dynamic content.

• Configuring the stylesheet

/*
Theme Name: Vibidsoft
Theme URI: http://www.vibidsoft.in/
Description: Vibidsoft WordPress theme
Version: 1
Author: Vibidsoft
Author URI: http://www.vibidsoft.in/
*/

index.php

<?php get_header(); ?><div id="container">  <?php if(have_posts()) : ?><?php while(have_posts()) : the_post(); ?>     <div class="post" id="post-<?php the_ID(); ?>"><h2><a href="<?php the_permalink(); ?>" title="<?php the_title(); ?>">
<?php the_title(); ?></a></h2>
<div class="entry"> <?php the_content(); ?><p class="postmetadata">
<?php _e('Filed under&#58;'); ?> <?php the_category(', ') ?> <?php _e('by'); ?>
<?php the_author(); ?><br />
<?php comments_popup_link('No Comments &#187;', '1 Comment &#187;', '% Comments &#187;'); ?>
<?php edit_post_link('Edit', ' &#124; ', ''); ?>
</p>
</div></div><?php endwhile; ?><div class="navigation">
<?php posts_nav_link(); ?>
</div>
<?php endif; ?></div><?php get_sidebar(); ?><?php get_footer(); ?>

The index-file now contains the code that calls to the header, sidebar and footer template files

header.php

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" 
"http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head profile="http://gmpg.org/xfn/11">
<title><?php bloginfo('name'); ?><?php wp_title(); ?></title> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="<?php bloginfo('html_type'); ?>;
charset=<?php bloginfo('charset'); ?>" />
<meta name="generator" content="WordPress <?php bloginfo('version'); ?>" />
<!-- leave this for stats please -->
<link rel="stylesheet" href="<?php bloginfo('stylesheet_url'); ?>"
type="text/css" media="screen" />
<?php wp_get_archives('type=monthly&format=link'); ?>
<?php //comments_popup_script(); // off by default ?>
<?php wp_head(); ?>
</head>
<body>
<div id="wrapper"><div id="header"><h1><a href="<?php bloginfo('url'); ?>"><?php bloginfo('name'); ?></a></h1>
<?php bloginfo('description'); ?>
</div>

footer.php

<div id="footer">
<p>
Copyright 2007 <a href="<?php bloginfo('url'); ?>"><?php bloginfo('name'); ?></a>
</p>
</div>
</div></body>
</html>

sidebar.php

<div class="sidebar"><ul><?php if ( function_exists('dynamic_sidebar') && dynamic_sidebar() ) : else : ?>	<?php wp_list_pages('depth=3&title_li=<h2>Pages</h2>'); ?>	<li><h2><?php _e('Categories'); ?></h2>
<ul>
<?php wp_list_cats('sort_column=name&optioncount=1&hierarchical=0'); ?>
</ul>
</li>
<li><h2><?php _e('Archives'); ?></h2>
<ul>
<?php wp_get_archives('type=monthly'); ?>
</ul>
</li>
<?php get_links_list(); ?><?php endif; ?></ul></div>

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Dave Chirag represents Vibidsoft, a Web and Mobile Application development company providing enterprise IT solutions comprising the full range of services